Last Updated on December 2, 2023
Crocheting is a beautiful and versatile craft that allows you to create various projects, from cozy blankets to stylish accessories. If you’re a beginner looking to expand your crochet skills, this guide will introduce you to 13 different basic crochet stitches for Beginners.
- Begin with basic stitches like single, half-double, and double crochet to build your foundation.
- Repetition is key. Practice each stitch until you’re comfortable before moving on to more complex patterns.
- Experiment with different stitches to create diverse textures. Patterns are your guide to beautiful crochet projects.
- Connect with fellow crocheters for inspiration, advice, and a sense of community. Learning is more enjoyable when shared.
- Crochet is a creative journey. Embrace the learning curve, and find joy in crafting unique and personalized pieces.
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13 Different Basic Crochet Stitches for Beginner
Let’s dive into each stitch step by step and explore their possibilities.
1. Single Crochet (sc)
The single Crochet is a fundamental stitch in Crochet. The most basic crochet stitch, creating a dense and tight fabric.
Here’s how you can make it:
- Make a slipknot and place it on your hook.
- Chain any number of stitches to your desired length plus one.
- Skip the first chain and insert your hook into the next chain.
- Yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over again, and pull through both loops on your hook.
- Repeat across the foundation chain.
- At the end of the row, make a single crochet into the last chain, chain one, and turn your work.
- Continue making single crochets, turning at the end of each row.
2. Half Double Crochet (HDC)
The half-double crochet stitch is a bit taller than the single Crochet. Half Double Crochet is slightly taller than single crochet, providing a bit more flexibility and texture.
Here’s how to make it:
- Make a slipknot and chain any number of stitches to your desired length.
- Insert your hook into the second chain, yarn over, and pull up a loop.
- Yarn over and pull through all three loops on your hook.
- Continue across the row.
- If the turning chain counts as a stitch, skip the first chain and proceed. If not, skip the first two chains.
- Continue making half-double crochets, turning at the end of each row.
3. Double Crochet (dc)
The double crochet stitch is taller than both single and half double crochet. A versatile and commonly used stitch, producing a relatively open and airy fabric. Here’s how to make it:
- Make a slipknot and chain any number of stitches to your desired length plus three.
- Yarn over, skip the first three chains and insert your hook into the fourth chain.
- Yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through two loops, yarn over, pull through the remaining two loops.
- Repeat across the row.
- Chain three at the beginning of each row counts as a double crochet.
- Continue making double crochets, turning at the end of each row.
4. Front Post Double Crochet (FPDC)
The front post double Crochet creates a raised texture on the fabric. Adds texture by working around the post of the stitch, creating a raised effect. Here’s how to make it:
- Begin with at least one row of regular double Crochet.
- Yarn over, insert your hook between the first two stitches, and weave it around the back of the second double Crochet.
- Yarn over, pull up a loop and complete the double Crochet as usual.
5. Back Post Double Crochet (BPDC)
The back post double crochet is similar to the front post but worked around the back of the stitch. Similar to fpdc but worked around the back of the post, creating a different texture. Here’s how to make it:
- Yarn over from the back, and insert your hook between the first two stitches.
- Weave your hook in front of the second stitch and complete the double Crochet.
6. Front Post Back Post Ribbing
Combine front post and back post double crochet to create a ribbed pattern. Combines front post and back post double crochet for a ribbed pattern with texture. Here’s how:
- Yarn over, and insert your hook from front to back for a front post or back to front for the back post.
- Weave it behind or in front of the intended post.
- Complete the double Crochet as usual.
7. Treble/Triple Crochet
The treble Crochet is taller than the double Crochet. A taller stitch, adding height and an open feel to your crochet work. Here’s how to make it:
- Chain any multiple of chains plus four.
- Skip the first four chains, and make 1 treble crochet into the fifth chain.
- Yarn over and pull through two loops three times.
8. Basic Stitch Decreases
Decrease stitches to shape your project. Techniques like single crochet decrease, half double crochet decrease, double crochet decrease, and treble crochet decrease to decrease stitch count.
Here’s how to decrease single, half-double, double, and treble Crochet:
- Single Crochet Decrease (sc2tog): Insert your hook into the first stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, insert your hook into the next stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through all three loops on your hook.
- Half Double Crochet Decrease (hdc2tog): Yarn over, insert your hook into the first stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through all five loops on your hook.
- Double Crochet Decrease (dc2tog): Yarn over, insert your hook into the first stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through the first two loops on your hook, yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through the first two loops on your hook, yarn over, pull through all three loops on your hook.
- Treble Crochet Decrease (tr2tog): Yarn over twice, insert your hook into the first stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through the first two loops on your hook, yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through the first two loops on your hook, yarn over, pull through all three loops on your hook.
9. Working into the Back Loop (bl/blo)
Creates a ribbed effect by working only into the back loop of each stitch. Working into the back loop creates a ridge on one side of your fabric. Here’s how:
- Identify the front and back loops of the stitch.
- Insert your hook only into the back loop.
- Complete the desired stitch as usual.
10. Griddle Stitch
The griddle stitch creates a textured pattern. Alternates between single crochet and double crochet, creating a textured pattern reminiscent of seed stitch in knitting. Here’s how to make it:
- Chain any even number of stitches plus one.
- Single Crochet in the second chain from the hook.
- Double Crochet in the next chain.
- Repeat across the row, ending with a double crochet.
- Chain one and turn.
- Continue alternating single and double Crochet in each stitch, creating a ribbed effect.
11. Puff Stitch
The puff stitch adds a fluffy texture to your work. Forms a cluster of loops for a textured and puffy appearance. Here’s how to make it:
- Chain any multiple of four plus three.
- Skip the fourth chain, yarn over, and insert your hook into the fifth chain.
- Yarn over, pull up a loop and repeat two more times.
- Yarn over and pull through all loops on your hook.
- Chain one to close the puff stitch.
- Repeat across the row.
12. Suzette Stitch
The Suzette stitch creates a textured, reversible fabric. Combines single crochet and double crochet to create a textured and reversible fabric. Here’s how to make it:
- Chain any odd number of stitches.
- Skip the first stitch, single Crochet, and double Crochet in the next stitch.
- Repeat across the row, ending with a single crochet.
- Chain one and turn.
- Skip the first stitch, single Crochet in the double Crochet, and double Crochet in the single Crochet.
- Repeat across the row.
13. Classic Granny Square
The classic granny square is a timeless crochet motif. A staple in crochet, featuring clusters of double crochets in a square formation. Here’s how to make it:
- Chain four, join to form a ring.
- Chain three (counts as double crochet): make two double crochets in the ring.
- Chain two, make three double crochets in the ring.
- Repeat to form the corners.
- Continue with additional rounds, making three double crochets in each corner and chaining two between clusters.
Tips for Success as a Beginner
- Practice Makes Perfect: Don’t be discouraged if your first attempts aren’t perfect. Practice each stitch to build confidence and improve your skills.
- Consistent Tension: Keep your tension consistent to achieve even and polished stitches. Experiment with different hook sizes until you find the one that suits your tension.
- Read Patterns: As you progress, try reading crochet patterns to broaden your understanding of stitches and techniques. Patterns provide step-by-step instructions for creating specific designs.
- Experiment with Yarn: Explore different yarn types and textures to see how they affect your projects. Some stitches may look different with varying yarn thickness and fiber content.
- Join a Community: Joining a crochet community, whether online or in person, allows you to connect with other crocheters, share ideas, and get valuable tips and advice.
I’m a beginner. What’s the easiest crochet stitch to start with?
The single crochet (sc) is often recommended for beginners. It’s simple and lays the foundation for more advanced stitches.
How do I change colors in crochet?
To change colors, complete the last stitch of the old color until two loops remain on the hook. Drop the old color, pick up the new color, and pull it through the two loops to complete the stitch.
What is a turning chain, and why is it important?
A turning chain is made at the end of a row to bring the yarn to the height needed for the next row. Its purpose is to maintain the stitch consistency and keep the edges straight.
How do I count stitches in crochet?
Counting stitches is essential for pattern accuracy. Each V-shaped stitch is generally counted as one stitch.
What is the most versatile crochet stitch?
The double crochet (dc) is often considered versatile. It’s taller than a single crochet, allowing for quicker progress, yet not as open as taller stitches, making it suitable for various projects.
How do I fix a mistake in crochet?
For small mistakes, you can unravel the stitches back to the error. For larger mistakes or to fix a missed stitch, use a crochet hook to undo the stitches until you reach the error and then redo the correct stitches.
What does “yarn over” mean in crochet?
“Yarn over” (abbreviated as yo) is a fundamental action where you wrap the yarn over your crochet hook. It’s a crucial part of creating stitches and is often followed by pulling the yarn through loops on the hook.
Can I use any yarn for crochet projects?
Yes, you can use various yarn types for crochet projects. Beginners often start with a medium-weight yarn (worsted) and a corresponding hook.
How do I increase or decrease stitches in crochet?
To increase, simply work multiple stitches into the same stitch or space. To decrease, use techniques like skipping a stitch or combining two stitches into one (e.g., single crochet decrease, double crochet decrease).
How do I read a crochet pattern?
Crochet patterns use abbreviations and symbols. Common ones include sc for single crochet, dc for double crochet, ch for chain, and st for stitch. The pattern will also provide information on stitch counts, repeats, and special instructions.
Now that you’ve explored these 16 basic crochet stitches, you have a foundation to build upon for more intricate projects.
Practice each stitch, and soon, you’ll create beautiful crochet pieces with confidence and skill.
Remember, Crochet is a creative and enjoyable craft. Embrace the learning process, and don’t hesitate to try new stitches and techniques.
Before you know it, you’ll be crafting intricate and beautiful crochet creations.
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